Brazil Vacations: Top 5 Cities of Historical and Architectural Interest

All Brazil vacations should include a visit to one or several of these beautiful cities!

Architecture is the most permanent aspect of the history of a nation. Buildings are the reflection of style, engineering, and technique from every era. Brazil possesses an immense historical and cultural heritage. and attracts great numbers of tourists curious to discover its museums or explore the streets of its cities, and by doing so, learning a little bit more about the country’s past. Get to know the architectural treasures of Brazil.

Ouro Preto

It was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1980. Every street of this old city holds a piece of the history of Brazil’s independence. Founded in the late 17th century, Ouro Preto was the main starting point for the gold rush of the 18th century. Many churches, bridges, and fountains remain as proof of this bygone era of wealth and prosperity.


Founded by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Olinda underwent a wave of invasions during the colonial times of Brazil because of its economical importance for the sugarcane industry. The harmonious balance between baroque churches, convents, small chapels, buildings, gardens, and monuments give the city a special charm and guaranteed it its World Heritage status by UNESCO.

Salvador de Bahia

The historical center of Salvador, the first capital of the country still contains amazing examples of Renaissance architecture. One of its particularities is the colonial brightly painted houses which form the cultural and historical hub of the Pelourinho. The historical center gained cultural heritage status in 1985.

Salvador is also famous for its comical which begins in December. but if since February that partygoers of all ages to fill up the streets of the capital who follow brightly painted trucks blasting music from Brazil’s finest and most popular bands.

São Luis

in the late 17th century the French founded San Luis which was later invaded and occupied by the Dutch. The Portuguese return came after that and completely preserved the original CC plan. Because of an extended to. Off economical stagnation at the beginning of the 20th century a huge number of buildings historical still remains to make it the perfect example of a colonial city. It was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1987.


The federal capital was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1987 to preserve its architecture. But unlike the other cultural heritage cities of Brazil, it gained its status for being a unique example of innovation and modernity. The brainchild of urbanist Lucio Costa and architect Oscar Niemeyer, it’s a landmark in the history of planned cities. From the design of the residential quarters and the administrative buildings to the symmetry of the construction, everything is in harmony with the city’s design as a whole. The official buildings in particular are very creative and artistic.